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- The underlying condition is corrected or treated when possible.
- Whatever the cause, individual’s who are a danger to themselves or others typically need to be hospitalised and treated whether they are willing or not.
- Many countries require that such decisions be made by someone appointed to make health care decisions for the mentally ill individual (called a surrogate decision maker).
- If the individual has not appointed a decision maker, a medical professional may contact the next of kin, or a court may appoint an emergency guardian.
- Individuals who are not dangerous to themselves or others can refuse evaluation and treatment, despite the difficulties their refusal may create for themselves and their family.