Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD)

Narcissistic personality disorder is characterised by a pervasive pattern of feeling superior (grandiosity), needing admiration, and lacking empathy.

  • Individuals with narcissistic personality disorder overestimate their abilities, exaggerate their achievements, and tend to underestimate the abilities of others.
  • Medical professionals diagnose narcissistic personality disorder based on specific symptoms, such as an exaggerated, unfounded sense of self-importance and talents, a need to be unconditionally admired, and a sense of entitlement.
  • Psychotherapy that focuses on underlying conflicts may help.

Personality disorders are long-lasting, pervasive patterns of thinking, perceiving, reacting, and relating that cause an individual significant distress and/or impair an individual’s ability to function.

Individuals with narcissistic personality disorder have an inflated view of self-worth (called grandiosity).

They also have problems with self-esteem. To bolster their sense of superiority and self-esteem, they do the following:

  • Associate with special people;
  • Become a part of superior institutions; and
  • Devalue other people.

They also want to be praised.

Narcissistic personality disorder occurs in up to 6% of the general population. It is more common among men.

Other disorders are also often present. They include one or more of the following:

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