Can We Use Smartphones in the Assessment & Prediction of Mental Health?

Research Paper Title

Digital phenotyping for assessment and prediction of mental health outcomes: a scoping review protocol.

Background

Rapid advancements in technology and the ubiquity of personal mobile digital devices have brought forth innovative methods of acquiring healthcare data.

Smartphones can capture vast amounts of data both passively through inbuilt sensors or connected devices and actively via user engagement.

This scoping review aims to evaluate evidence to date on the use of passive digital sensing/phenotyping in assessment and prediction of mental health.

Methods

The methodological framework proposed by Arksey and O’Malley will be used to conduct the review following the five-step process.

A three-step search strategy will be used:

  1. Initial limited search of online databases namely, MEDLINE for literature on digital phenotyping or sensing for key terms;
  2. Comprehensive literature search using all identified keywords, across all relevant electronic databases: IEEE Xplore, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PubMed, the ACM Digital Library and Web of Science Core Collection (Science Citation Index Expanded and Social Sciences Citation Index), Scopus; and
  3. Snowballing approach using the reference and citing lists of all identified key conceptual papers and primary studies.

Data will be charted and sorted using a thematic analysis approach.

Findings

The findings from this systematic scoping review will be reported at scientific meetings and published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Reference

Spinazze, P., Rykov, Y., Bottle, A. & Car, J. (2019) Digital phenotyping for assessment and prediction of mental health outcomes: a scoping review protocol. BMJ Open. 9(12):e032255. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032255.

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