Research Paper Title
Sleep disturbance mediates the association of adverse childhood experiences with mental health symptoms and functional impairment in US soldiers.
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can have long-term impacts on a person’s mental health, which extend into adulthood.
There is a high prevalence of ACEs among service members.
Further, service members also report frequently experiencing disrupted sleep.
The researchers hypothesised that disrupted sleep may serve a mechanistic function connecting ACEs to functional impairment and poorer mental health.
In a cross-sectional sample (n = 759), the researchers found evidence for an indirect effect of ACEs on mental health outcomes through disrupted sleep.
In a different sample using two time-points (n = 410), they found evidence for an indirect effect of ACEs on changes in mental health outcomes and functional impairment during a reset period, through changes in disrupted sleep during the same period.
Implications, limitations and future research directions are discussed.
Conway, M.A., Cabrera, O.A., Clarke-Walper, K., Dretsch, M.N., Holzinger, J.B., Riviere, L.A. & Quartana, P.J. (2020) Sleep disturbance mediates the association of adverse childhood experiences with mental health symptoms and functional impairment in US soldiers. Journal of Sleep Research. e13026. doi: 10.1111/jsr.13026. [Epub ahead of print].