Good mental health is related to mental and psychological well-being. The World Health Organisation’s (WHO’s) work to improve the mental health of individuals and society at large includes the promotion of mental well-being, the prevention of mental disorders, the protection of human rights and the care of people affected by mental disorders.
- Mental, neurological and substance use disorders make up 10% of the global burden of disease and 30% of non-fatal disease burden.
- Around 1 in 5 of the world’s children and adolescents have a mental disorder.
- Depression is one of the leading causes of disability, affecting 264 million people.
- About half of mental disorders begin before the age of 14.
- Almost 800,000 people die by suicide every year; 1 person dies from suicide every 40 seconds.
- Suicide is the second leading cause of death in individuals aged 15-29 years.
- Around 1 in 9 people in settings affected by conflict have a moderate or severe mental disorder.
- People with severe mental disorders die 10 to 20 years earlier than the general population.
- Rates of mental health workers vary from below 2 per 100,000 population in low-income countries to over 70 per 100,000 in high-income countries.
- Less than half of the 139 countries that have mental health policies and plans report having these aligned with human rights conventions.
- The global economy loses about US$ 1 trillion per year in productivity due to depression and anxiety.
World Health Organisation. (2019) Mental Health. Available from World Wide Web: https://www.who.int/news-room/facts-in-pictures/detail/mental-health. [Accessed: 17 May, 2021].