- 1980 – Hans Asperger, Austrian physician and psychologist (b. 1906).
Johann Friedrich Karl Asperger (18 February 1906 to 21 October 1980) was an Austrian physician.
Noted for his early studies on atypical neurology, specifically in children, he is the namesake of the autism spectrum disorder Asperger syndrome. He wrote over 300 publications on psychological disorders that posthumously acquired international renown in the 1980s. His diagnosis of autism, which he termed “autistic psychopathy”, has also garnished controversy. Further controversy arose during the late 2010s over allegations that Asperger referred children to a Nazi German clinic responsible for murdering disabled patients, although his knowledge and involvement remains unknown.