- 1902 – Richard von Krafft-Ebing, German-Austrian psychiatrist and author (b. 1840).
Richard von Kraft-Ebing
Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing (full name Richard Fridolin Joseph Freiherr Krafft von Festenberg auf Frohnberg, genannt von Ebing; 1840-1902) was a German psychiatrist and author of the foundational work Psychopathia Sexualis (1886).
Krafft-Ebing was born in 1840 in Mannheim, Germany. He studied medicine at the University of Heidelberg, where he specialised in psychiatry. He later practiced in psychiatric asylums. After leaving his work in asylums, he pursued a career in psychiatry, forensics, and hypnosis.
He died in Graz in 1902. He was recognised as an authority on deviant sexual behaviour and its medicolegal aspects.