- 1935 – Frances Cress Welsing, American psychiatrist and author (d. 2016).
- 1980 – Erich Fromm, German psychologist and philosopher (b. 1900).
Frances Cress Welsing.
Frances Luella Welsing (née Cress; 18 March 1935 to 02 January 2016) was an American psychiatrist and well-known proponent of the Black supremacist melanin theory. Her 1970 essay, The Cress Theory of Colour-Confrontation and Racism (White Supremacy), offered her interpretation of what she described as the origins of white supremacy culture.
She was the author of The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colours (1991).
Erich Seligmann Fromm (23 March 1900 to 18 March 1980) was a German social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist.
He was a German Jew who fled the Nazi regime and settled in the US. He was one of the founders of The William Alanson White Institute of Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis and Psychology in New York City and was associated with the Frankfurt School of critical theory.