- 1879 – Konstantin Ramul, Estonian psychologist and academic (d. 1975).
Konstantin Ramul (30 May 1879 to 11 February 1975) was an Estonian professor of psychology and longtime chair of psychology at the University of Tartu.
He is best known for his work on the history of experimental psychology.
Ramul believed that history is dependent upon psychology, though the philosopher of science Ernest Nagel criticised him for “not stat[ing] clearly the type of psychological investigation which is relevant to the historian’s task” (Nagel, 1934, p.599-600).
Nagel, E. (1934) The Eighth International Congress of Philosophy. Journal of Philosophy. 31(21), pp.589-601.