- 1901 – Andreas Embirikos, Greek psychoanalyst and poet (d. 1975).
- 1997 – Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist (b. 1905).
Andreas Embirikos (Greek: Ανδρέας Εμπειρίκος; 02 September 1901 to 03 August 1975 in Kifissia, Attica) was a Greek surrealist poet and one of the first Greek psychoanalysts.
Embirikos came from a wealthy family as his father Leonidas Embirikos was an important ship-owner and politician. He was born in Brăila, Romania, but his family soon moved to Ermoupolis in Syros, one of the Greek islands in the Aegean Sea. When Embirikos was only seven years old they moved to Athens. While he was still a teenager his parents divorced; he started studying at the School of Philosophy of the National and Capodistrian University of Athens, but he decided to move to Lausanne to stay with his mother without graduating from the university.
The following years Embirikos studied a variety of subjects both in France and in the United Kingdom where he studied at King’s College London; however it was in Paris where he decided to study psychanalysis together with René Laforgue and joined the International Psychoanalytical Association.
Viktor Emil Frankl (26 March 1905 to 02 September 1997) was an Austrian neurologist, psychiatrist, philosopher, writer, and Holocaust survivor.
He was the founder of logotherapy, a school of psychotherapy that describes a search for a life’s meaning as the central human motivational force. Logotherapy is part of existential and humanistic psychology theories.
Logotherapy was recognised as the third school of Viennese Psychotherapy, after those established by Sigmund Freud, and Alfred Adler.
Frankl published 39 books. The autobiographical Man’s Search for Meaning, a best-selling book, is based on his experiences in various Nazi concentration camps.