What is the Bulimia Test-Revised?

Introduction

The Bulimia Test-Revised (BULIT-R) is a 36 item self-report questionnaire to assess the presence of bulimic symptoms.

Background

The Bulimia Test (BULIT) was devised by Smith and Thelen in 1984. It was a self-reported questionnaire measure of bulimia that was based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders III (DSM III) criteria for bulimia (Smiht & Thelen, 1984).

It was then revised (Bulimia Test-Revised, BULIT-R) in 1991 to accommodate the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-III-Revised (DSM-III-R) criteria of bulimia nervosa, using a 28-item, self-report, multiple-choice scale was developed by comparing responses of clinically identified female bulimics with those of female college students (Thelen et al., 1991).

The results of retesting and diagnostic judgements based on interviews showed that the BULIT-R was a reliable and valid predictor of bulimia nervosa in a nonclinical population.

The test has been validated for use in both males and females.

Scoring

The BULIT-R contains 36 multiple choice questions with five possible responses, 28 of which factor into the total score, questions 6,11, 19, 20, 27, 29, 31 and 36 are not scored.

Items 2,5,7,8,10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 21, 23, 26, 28, 30, 32, 35 are reversed scored. Scores range from 29-140 with those greater than 104 being indicative of bulimia nervosa.

References

Smith, M.C. & Thelen, M.H. (1984) Development and Validation of a Test for Bulimia. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 52, pp.863-872

Thelen, M.H., Farmer, J., Wonderlich, S. & Smith, M. (1991) A Revision of the Bulimia Test: The BULIT-R. Psychological Assessment: A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 3(1), pp.119-124. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.3.1.119