What is the Prevalence of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) with Atopic Dermatitis (AD)

Research Paper Title

The Association between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Atopic Dermatitis: A Study among Iranian Children.

Background

The co-occurrence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with atopic dermatitis (AD) has been well described in some recent association studies; however, the researchers did not have any perspective on this relationship in their country.

Hence, the present study aimed to assess the prevalence of ADHD in children with AD.

Methods

This cross-sectional study was performed on 95 consecutive children and adolescents (aged 4-18 years) who were referred to dermatology clinics at the two hospitals in Tehran during 2017 with atopic dermatitis.

The evidence of atopy was assessed using the 2003 National Survey of Children’s Health. The diagnosis of ADHD was based on the Conner Rating Scale.

The sleep disorder was also assessed by the Pittsburg sleep quality questionnaire.

Results

The prevalence of hyperactivity and attention deficit in their AD patients was 20.0% and 29.47%, respectively.

Furthermore, patients with sleep problem were significantly more likely to have hyperactivity disorder (odds ratio [OR]: 2.91, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-8.16, P = 0.04).

According to the results of multiple logistic regression analyses, flexor involvement was the only predictor of hyperactivity disorder in the final model.

The univariate and multivariate analyses showed that having attention deficit was associated with having cheek involvement (OR = 3.63, 95% CI: 1.44-9.14, P = 0.01) and sleep problem (OR = 3.68, 95% CI: 1.45-9.33, P = 0.01).

Conclusions

It seems that neurocognitive disturbances due to sleep restriction in AD children may be one of the main triggers, especially for attention deficit.

Reference

Atefi, N., Rohaninasab, M., Shooshtari, M., Behrangi, E., Mehran, G., Goodarzi, A., Moghadam, S.S. & Shakoei, S. (2019) The Association between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Atopic Dermatitis: A Study among Iranian Children. Indian Journal of Dermatology. 64(6), pp.451-455. doi: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_458_18.

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