What is the Prevalence of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) with Atopic Dermatitis (AD)

Research Paper Title

The Association between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Atopic Dermatitis: A Study among Iranian Children.


The co-occurrence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with atopic dermatitis (AD) has been well described in some recent association studies; however, the researchers did not have any perspective on this relationship in their country.

Hence, the present study aimed to assess the prevalence of ADHD in children with AD.


This cross-sectional study was performed on 95 consecutive children and adolescents (aged 4-18 years) who were referred to dermatology clinics at the two hospitals in Tehran during 2017 with atopic dermatitis.

The evidence of atopy was assessed using the 2003 National Survey of Children’s Health. The diagnosis of ADHD was based on the Conner Rating Scale.

The sleep disorder was also assessed by the Pittsburg sleep quality questionnaire.


The prevalence of hyperactivity and attention deficit in their AD patients was 20.0% and 29.47%, respectively.

Furthermore, patients with sleep problem were significantly more likely to have hyperactivity disorder (odds ratio [OR]: 2.91, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-8.16, P = 0.04).

According to the results of multiple logistic regression analyses, flexor involvement was the only predictor of hyperactivity disorder in the final model.

The univariate and multivariate analyses showed that having attention deficit was associated with having cheek involvement (OR = 3.63, 95% CI: 1.44-9.14, P = 0.01) and sleep problem (OR = 3.68, 95% CI: 1.45-9.33, P = 0.01).


It seems that neurocognitive disturbances due to sleep restriction in AD children may be one of the main triggers, especially for attention deficit.


Atefi, N., Rohaninasab, M., Shooshtari, M., Behrangi, E., Mehran, G., Goodarzi, A., Moghadam, S.S. & Shakoei, S. (2019) The Association between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Atopic Dermatitis: A Study among Iranian Children. Indian Journal of Dermatology. 64(6), pp.451-455. doi: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_458_18.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.