Book: A Straight-talking Introduction to Children’s Mental Health Problems

Book Title:

A Straight-talking Introduction to Children’s Mental Health Problems (Straight Talking Introductions).

Author(s): Sami Timimi (Author), Richard Bentall (Editor), and Pete Sanders (Editor).

Year: 2009.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: PCCS Books.

Type(s): Paperback and Kindle.

Synopsis:

Rates of diagnosis of psychiatric disorders such as ADHD, and the subsequent prescription of psychiatric drugs in children, have increased alarmingly over recent years. Yet diagnoses are supported by very little scientific evidence and the effectiveness and safety of drugs for children is highly questionable. Unlike medications, psychotherapeutic or ‘talking therapies’ with children, adolescents and their families have established themselves as both safe and effective. Here, Sami Timimi arms you with some of the information you’ll need to make informed choices about a child’s diagnosis and treatment. He provides an honest account of the dangers of medicating children or adolescents and discusses alternative therapies. He also describes practical advice on things parents can try themselves, common pitfalls to avoid, and how to find the professionals you need.

Book: Stahl’s Illustrated Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Book Title:

Stahl’s Illustrated Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Author(s): Stephen M. Stahl and Laurence Mignon .

Year: 2009.

Edition: First (1st), Illustrated Edition.

Publisher: Cambridge University Press.

Type(s): Paperback and Kindle.

Synopsis:

As with Stahl’s Essential Psychopharmacology, 3rd edition and The Prescriber’s Guide, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a heavily illustrated title with a fun approach to theories. Stahl has been at the heart of significant advances in the treatment of ADHD in the past ten years, as new psychopharmacologic medications and cognitive and behavioural therapy techniques have been introduced into practice. The visual learner will find that these books make psychopharmacology concepts easy to master, while the non-visual learner will enjoy a shortened text version of complex psychopharmacology concepts. Novices to the series will find that the well-structured graphics and visual vocabulary can help build a vivid conception of complex pharmacologies. The complementary tables and algorithms provide clinical strategies and tips for drug dosaging, and the Suggested Reading section at the end of each book is an invaluable tool to guide the reader to more in-depth learning on particular concepts.

Book: A New Understanding of ADHD in Children and Adults

Book Title:

A New Understanding of ADHD in Children and Adults – Executive Function Impairments

Author(s): Thomas E. Brown.

Year: 2013.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Routledge.

Type(s): Hardcover, Paperback, and eBook/Kindle.

Synopsis:

For over 100 years, ADHD has been seen as essentially a behaviour disorder. Recent scientific research has developed a new paradigm which recognizes ADHD as a developmental disorder of the cognitive management system of the brain, its executive functions. This cutting-edge book pulls together key ideas of this new understanding of ADHD, explaining them and describing in understandable language scientific research that supports this new model. It addresses questions like:

  • Why can those with ADHD focus very well on some tasks while having great difficulty in focusing on other tasks they recognize as important?
  • How does brain development and functioning of persons with ADHD differ from others?
  • How do impairments of ADHD change from childhood through adolescence and in adulthood?
  • What treatments help to improve ADHD impairments? How do they work? Are they safe?
  • Why do those with ADHD have additional emotional, cognitive, and learning disorders more often than most others?
  • What commonly-held assumptions about ADHD have now been proven wrong by scientific research?

Psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and other medical and mental health professionals, as well as those affected by ADHD and their families, will find this to be am insightful and invaluable resource.

Book: Understanding, Diagnosing, and Treating ADHD in Children and Adolescents – An Integrative Approach

Book Title:

Understanding, Diagnosing, and Treating ADHD in Children and Adolescents – An Integrative Approach.

Author(s): James A. Incorvaia, Bonnie S. Mark-Goldstein, and Donald Tessmer (Editors).

Year: 1999.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Jason Aronson, Inc.

Type(s): Hardcover and eBook.

Synopsis:

When it comes to Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, which is too often a cavalier diagnosis of first resort, clinicians can benefit from the range of responsible views on assessment and treatment proffered here. If doctors, therapists, and school personnel were to have only one resource to consult to fully understand AD/HD the problems and the solutions this collection of authoritative perspectives assembled by Doctors Incorvaia, Mark-Goldstein, and Tessmer should be it.

Book: The ADHD Parenting Handbook

Book Title:

The ADHD Parenting Handbook – Practical Advice for Parents from Parents.

Author(s): Colleen Alexander-Roberts.

Year: 2006.

Edition: Second (2nd).

Publisher: Taylor Trade Publishing.

Type(s): eBook/Kindle.

Synopsis:

Practical advice for parents from parents, and proven techniques for raising hyperactive children without losing your temper.

Book: ADHD & Teens: A Parent’s Guide to Making it through the Tough Years

Book Title:

ADHD & Teens: A Parent’s Guide to Making it through the Tough Years.

Author(s): Colleen Alexander-Roberts.

Year: 1995.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Taylor Trade Publishing.

Type(s): Paperback and eBook.

Synopsis:

ADHD and Teens is a manual of practical advice to help parents cope with the problems that can arise during these years. A crash course is offered on parenting styles that really work with teens with ADHD and how these styles allow the teen to safely move from dependence to independence.

Highlighting the Hidden Links between Mental Disorders

Research Paper Title

The hidden links between mental disorders.

Background

Psychiatrists have a dizzying array of diagnoses and not enough treatments. Hunting for the hidden biology underlying mental disorders could help.

In 2018, psychiatrist Oleguer Plana-Ripoll was wrestling with a puzzling fact about mental disorders. He knew that many individuals have multiple conditions – anxiety and depression, say, or schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. He wanted to know how common it was to have more than one diagnosis, so he got his hands on a database containing the medical details of around 5.9 million Danish citizens.

You can continue reading the full article here.

Reference

Marshall, M. (2020) The hidden links between mental disorders. Nature. 581(7806), pp.19-21. doi: 10.1038/d41586-020-00922-8.

On This Day … 22 November

People (Births)

  • 1927 – Robert E. Valett, American psychologist, teacher, and author (d. 2008).

Robert Valett

Robert E. Valett (22 November 1927 to 14 November 2008) was an American psychology professor who wrote more than 20 books primarily focused on educational psychology.

He earned the distinguished psychologist award from the San Joaquin Psychological Association and was a president of the California Association of School Psychologists.

Early Life and Education

Robert Edward Valett was born in Clinton, Iowa on 22 November 1927. His father, Edward John Valett, worked for the railroad as a pipe fitter and his mother, Myrtle (née Peterson), was a saleswoman. Valett attended Clinton High School while also achieving the rank of Eagle Scout in the Boy Scouts of America. During World War Two, he served in the US Navy Medical Corps. He then did his undergraduate work at the University of Iowa and George Williams College. Valett went on to earn an MA from the University of Chicago (1951) and an (Ed.D.) in educational psychology from the University of California in Los Angeles.

Career

Valett was a professor of psychology at Orange Coast College in Costa Mesa, Ca., and the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and taught psychology from 1970 to 1992 at California State University, Fresno where he was named Professor Emeritus. He authored several books on learning disabilities, child development, dyslexia and attention disorders/hyperactivity. He received the distinguished psychologist award from the San Joaquin Psychological Association in 1982 and served as president of the California Association of School Psychologists from 1971 to 1972.

Personal Life

In 1950, Valett married Shirley Bellman with whom he had 5 children. He died on 14 November 2008, in Fresno, California.

Can Swimming Improve Mental Health in Children with ADHD?

Research Paper Title

Swimming training improves mental health parameters, cognition and motor coordination in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Background

The aim of this study was to verify the effects of swimming-learning programme of mental health parameters, cognition and motor coordination in students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

Methods

Thirty-three children of both sexes between 11 and 14 years were randomised into trained group (n = 18) and untrained group (n = 15).

The training was performed for 8 weeks.

Then, before and after 48 hours of training period of both groups were submitted to find the mental health, cognition, motor coordination test, and physical fitness.

Results

The results demonstrate that the aquatic exercise programme significantly improved the depression parameters (p = 0.048), stress (p = 0.039), cognitive flexibility (p = 0.042) and selective attention (p = 0.047).

In relation to motor coordination and physical fitness, the results showed significant improvements in the coordination of lower limbs laterality (p = 0.05), flexibility (p = 0.049), and abdominal resistance (p = 0.037).

Conclusions

Taken together, the results suggest that swimming-learning programme significantly improved the mental health, cognition, and motor coordination in children with ADHD.

Reference

Da Silva, L.A., Doyenart, R., Salvan, P.H., Rodrigues, W., Lopes, J.F., Gomes, K., Thirupathi, A., De Pinho, R.A. & Silveira, P.C. (2020) Swimming training improves mental health parameters, cognition and motor coordination in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 30(5), pp.584-592. doi: 10.1080/09603123.2019.1612041. Epub 2019 May 13.

Book: The ADHD Explosion

Book Title:

The ADHD Explosion: Myths, Medication, Money, and Today’s Push for Performance.

Author(s): Stephen P. Hinshaw and Richard M. Scheffler.

Year: 2014.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Oxford University Press.

Type(s): Hardcover and Kindle.

Synopsis:

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most controversial and misunderstood medical conditions today.

With skyrocketing rates of diagnosis and medication treatment, it has generated a firestorm of controversy.

Alarming questions have been raised about ADHD in recent years:

  • Why are over 10% of children and adolescents in the US now diagnosed with ADHD, with projected rates quickly rising?
  • Why do over two-thirds of those diagnosed with ADHD receive medication?
  • In some southern states, why are boys diagnosed at rates of almost one in three?
  • What is causing the fast-rising diagnosis and medication of adults? Why are over a quarter of all college students using stimulants for academic performance?
  • What drives the current ADHD “tsunami” – is it parents, clinicians, schools, culture, the healthcare system, or Big Pharma? When will it end?
  • Can we trust the stories we read and hear about ADHD, even in major media outlets?

The ADHD Explosion and Today’s Push for Performance uniquely blends clinical wisdom, current science, new information on medical and school policy, and global trends to debunk myths and set the record straight.

Hinshaw and Scheffler describe the origins of ADHD and its huge costs to society; the science regarding causes as well as medication and behavioural treatment; and the major variation in diagnosis and treatment across the US, highlighting the key roles of educational policy and high-stakes testing. Dealing directly with stimulants as “smart pills,” they describe the epidemic of medicalisation, arguing that accurate diagnosis and well-monitored care could ease the staggering economic burden linked to ADHD.

In novel ways, they unravel the many poignant issues facing children, teachers, clinicians, and family members who contend with ADHD each day. The recommendations in this book can improve the quality of life for those touched by ADHD and potentially improve the productivity and safety of all society.