Quality of Life: Psychosocial Intervention in Men with Advanced Prostate Cancer

Research Paper Title

Technology-Based Psychosocial Intervention to Improve Quality of Life and Reduce Symptom Burden in Men with Advanced Prostate Cancer: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Background

Men with advanced prostate cancer (APC) face multiple challenges including poor prognosis, poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and elevated symptom burden.

This study sought to establish the efficacy of a tablet-delivered, group-based psychosocial intervention for improving HRQOL and reducing symptom burden in men with APC.

The researchers hypothesised that men randomised to cognitive-behavioural stress management (CBSM) would report improved HRQOL and reduced symptom burden relative to men randomised to an active control health promotion (HP) condition.

Condition effects on intervention targets and moderators of these effects were explored.

Methods

Men with APC (N = 192) were randomised (1:1) to 10-week tablet-delivered CBSM or HP, and followed for 1 year.

Multilevel modelling was used to evaluate condition effects over time.

Results

Changes in HRQOL and symptom burden did not differ between groups.

Men in both groups improved across several intervention targets; men in the CBSM condition reported greater increases in self-reported ability to relax, and both conditions showed improvements in cancer-related anxiety, cancer-related distress, and feelings of cohesiveness with other patients over time.

Moderating factors included baseline interpersonal disruption, fatigue, and sexual functioning.

Conclusions

Tablet-delivered CBSM and HP were well received by men with APC.

The hypothesised effects of CBSM on HRQOL and symptom burden were not supported, though improvements in intervention targets were observed across conditions.

Participants reported high-baseline HRQOL relative to cancer and general population norms, possibly limiting intervention effects.

The identified moderating factors should be considered in the development and implementation of interventions targeting HRQOL and symptom burden.

Reference

Penedo, F.J., Fox, R.S., Oswald, L.B., Moreno, P.I., Boland, C.L., Estabrook, R., McGinty, H.L., Mohr, D.C., Begale, M.J., Dahn, J.R., Flury, S.C., Perry, K.T., Kundu, S.D. & Yanez, B. (2020) Technology-Based Psychosocial Intervention to Improve Quality of Life and Reduce Symptom Burden in Men with Advanced Prostate Cancer: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. doi: 10.1007/s12529-019-09839-7. [Epub ahead of print].

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