Psychiatric Nurses & Personal Initiative: What are the Factors to Consider?

Research Paper Title

Personal and organisational factors related to initiative behaviour among psychiatric nurses.


To identify the degree of personal initiative (PI) among psychiatric nurses and to examine the influence of personal and organisational characteristics on their PI.


Ninety-seven nurses completed a questionnaire on PI, work climate, self-efficacy toward initiatives and innovations, nursing work environment, and actual initiative at work.


Differences in actual initiative at work according to the level of education, and negative association between PI and age were found.

Self-efficacy and work climate explained 56% of PI; self-efficacy, work climate, and age explained 30% of initiative behaviour.


Investing in young nurses, fostering higher education, and creating a supportive work environment can help in conversion of innovative vision into actual initiatives.


Hendel, T., Chor, R., Kigli-Shemesh, R. & Kagan, I. (2020) Personal and organizational factors related to initiative behavior among psychiatric nurses. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. doi: 10.1111/ppc.12471. [Epub ahead of print].

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