On This Day … 02 October

People (Deaths)

  • 2011 – Peter L. Benson, American psychologist and academic (b. 1946).
  • 2012 – J. Philippe Rushton, English-Canadian psychologist, theorist, academic (b. 1943).
  • 2013 – Gottfried Fischer, German psychologist, therapist, and academic (b. 1944).

Peter L. Benson

Peter Lorimer Benson (1946-2011) was a psychologist and CEO/President of Search Institute.

He pioneered the developmental assets framework, which became the predominant approach to research on positive facets of youth development.

J. Philippe Rushton

John Philippe Rushton (03 December 1943 to 02 October 2012) was a Canadian psychologist and author. He taught at the University of Western Ontario and became known to the general public during the 1980s and 1990s for research on race and intelligence, race and crime, and other apparent racial variations. His book Race, Evolution, and Behavior (1995) is about the application of r/K selection theory to humans.

Rushton’s work was heavily criticised by the scientific community for the questionable quality of its research, with many alleging that it was conducted under a racist agenda. From 2002 until his death, he served as the head of the Pioneer Fund, an organisation founded in 1937 to promote Eugenics, which worked actively with the Nazi party to promote theories of racial superiority and inferiority, and has been described as racist and white supremacist in nature and designated as a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center. Rushton was a Fellow of the Canadian Psychological Association and a onetime Fellow of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.

Gottfried Fischer

Gottfried Fischer (13 September 1944 to 02 October 2013) was a German psychologist, psychotherapist and psychoanalyst.

He is considered to be the founder of psychotraumatology in Germany and has been director of the Institute for Clinical Psychology and Psychological Diagnostics at the University of Cologne from 1995 to 2009.

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