What are the Components of Good Mental Well-Being?

Outline

The components of good mental well-being include:

  • Connecting with Others.
  • Remaining Active.
  • Continuing to Learn.
  • Giving to Others.
  • Being Mindful.
  • Being Able to Express Emotions.
  • Being Able to Cope with Stress.
  • Being Adaptable in Times of Change.
  • Being Confident and Having Good Self-Esteem.
  • Being Productive.

Connecting with Others

It is argued that this is the most important aspect of good mental well-being, as it enables individuals to feel part of their community or their own support group, knowing that they have somewhere to turn in times of need and that they are able to help others as well.

Making new friends into adulthood helps individuals to feel wanted and liked and this is beneficial for their confidence and self-esteem.

Remaining Active

Stating both mentally and physically active helps individuals to remain well in both of these areas, with the link between good mental and good physical health being clearly established.

Individuals who are physically well may be less likely to develop mental health issues related to long-term illness, and the benefits of exercise helps boost the release of ‘happy hormones’ such as serotonin, which enhance mood and make individuals feel good.

Continuing to Learn

It is recommended that people never stop learning, and this should continue even into late adulthood.

Learning a new skill or information about a new subject is not only useful for ongoing cognitive functioning but it can help people to remain social as well, such as by attending a college course or a book club where there are lots of opportunities to connect with other people.

Giving to Others

Any form of giving to other people is mutually beneficial; that is to say that the person giving to others feels good about themselves and the person receiving what is given fells good as well.

Giving to others may mean being active in the community, such as doing volunteer work, or it can mean doing charity events, such as sponsored walks or collecting items for a local food bank.

Being Mindful

mindfulness means that a person is able to live in the present moment without worrying about what is coming in the future or what has happened in the past.

It enables people to focus solely on what is happening in their current surroundings and is thought to be an excellent way of reducing stress and anxiety, which can be the foundation of some forms of mental ill health.

Being Able to Express Emotions

Most people will have heard the saying that it is better to speak up about something than to keep things ‘bottled up’.

When people are unable to express their emotions effectively, this can mean that they eventually become overwhelmed by their feelings, and this can lead to stress, anxiety, depression and other difficulties that may prevent them from going about their daily activities.

Being Able to Cope with Stress

The concept of resilience is closely linked to being able to cope with stress.

Resilience enables individuals to react positively in the face of adversity and to find a way of moving forwards that is not detrimental to their mental health.

Being Adaptable in Times of Change

Resilience is also linked to being able to cope successfully when there are changes in life.

This can be a minor change such as having to move to a different office at work, or a major change like moving house, losing a loved one, or being diagnosed with a serious illness.

Being Confident and Having Good Self-Esteem

Being confident and having a high level of self-esteem helps individuals to feel good about themselves. which enables them to connect with others, make positive decisions, and be resilient when times become challenging.

Being Productive

Being productive within a community, family, or workplace helps individuals to feel good about themselves, increases their self-esteem, and can help them to connect with others as well.

It also gives individuals a sense of achievement. which helps increase confidence and gives individuals a positive outlook for the future.

Upper Story – On the Road to Well-Being (2020)

Introduction

Today, over 10% of the global population suffers from mental health problems. Three decades of collaboration between scientists and Buddhist scholars have revealed techniques that allow us to develop our mental well-being and improve the impact we have on our planet.

Outline

In today’s world over 10% of the global population suffers from mental health disorders. The long-term collaboration between HH the XIV Dalai Lama and the most brilliant neuroscientists has lead to the discovery of the incredible potential of the human mind and how it can be trained to improve our mental well-being. The eternal conflict between science and religion has finally found common ground.

Production & Filming Details

  • Director(s): Alessandra Pedrotti Catoni.
  • Producer(s):
    • Alessandra Pedrotti Catoni … producer.
    • Paola Devalle … producer.
    • Thun Thien … producer.
  • Writer(s): Alessandra Pedrotti Catoni.
  • Music: Luca Morelli.
  • Cinematography: Alan Jacobsen and Jerry Risius.
  • Editor(s): Angelo Guarracino.
  • Production: Makarampa.
  • Distributor(s):
  • Release Date: 01 July 2020 (New York Lift-Off Film Festival).
  • Running Time: 95 minutes.
  • Rating: All.
  • Country: US.
  • Language: English.

Video Link

Is the Mental Wellbeing of Doctors Becoming an Increasing Concern?

Research Paper Title

Depressive symptoms in residents of a tertiary training hospital in Malaysia: The prevalence and associated factors.

Background

The mental wellbeing of doctors is becoming an increasing concern in the world today.

In Malaysia, residency is a challenging period in a doctor’s life, with many changes professionally and possibly in their personal lives as well.

This study aims to determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms and the socio-demographic correlates among residents in a tertiary training hospital in Malaysia.

It is a cross sectional study and all residents were approached to participate in the study.

Methods

The instruments used were a socio-demographic questionnaire and the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9).

Chi-square test was used to explore the association between the socio-demographic correlates, and those that were found to have significant associations were further tested using multivariate logistic regression.

Results

The prevalence of depression among residents was 25.1 %. Longer working hours, missing meals, and working in Department of Surgery and Department of Anaesthesia was significantly positively associated while having protected study time, CME/lectures, leisure/hobbies and exercise were negatively associated with depression.

The Department of Rehabilitation Medicine had a significantly negative association with depression. After logistic regression, longer working hours and a lack of protected study time was significantly associated with depression in the respective departments.

Conclusions

In summary, the prevalence of depression among residents is high and is associated with longer working hours, missing meals and a lack of protected study time are significantly associated with depression.

Remedial steps should be taken to improve the mental health among residents.

Reference

Nair, N., Ng, C.G. & Sulaiman, A.H. (2021) Depressive symptoms in residents of a tertiary training hospital in Malaysia: The prevalence and associated factors. Asian Journal of Psychiatry. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2021.102548. Online ahead of print.

The Truth About … Improving Your Mental Health (2021)

Introduction

Professor Tanya Byron and Alex Scott uncover the latest science on how to improve your mental health and wellbeing – and reveal some surprising new techniques.

Part of the BBC’s The Truth About series (you can currently view all episodes on the BBC iPlayer).

Outline

Clinical psychologist Professor Tanya Byron teams up with former England footballer Alex Scott, who has suffered from depression, to discover how the latest science can help us gain greater control over our state of mind and improve our mental health and wellbeing.

Even in normal times, one in four of us will experience mental health difficulties, but living through a global pandemic has put our mental health under unprecedented strain. Over the past year, a team from Imperial College London, in collaboration with the BBC, have surveyed the mental health of over 350,000 people across the UK. This unique study provides a snapshot before and during the pandemic, revealing its shocking impact.

Production & Filming Details

  • Presenter(s): Tanya Byron and Alex Scott.
  • Director(s): Ruhi Hamid.
  • Producer(s):
    • Matthew Barrett … series producer (as Matt Barrett).
    • Tom Coveney … commissioning editor.
    • Fay Finlay … assistant producer.
    • Ruhi Hamid … producer (produced by).
    • Christine Johnston … producer: Cohort.
    • Mairead Maclean … assistant producer.
    • Jane McLaughlin … talent executive.
    • Paul Overton … executive producer.
    • Jacqueline Smith … executive producer.
  • Writer(s): Claudia Lewis (developed by).
  • Music:
  • Cinematography:
  • Editor(s): Clyde Wallbanks and Lauri White.
  • Production:
  • Distributor(s): BBC One.
  • Release Date: 20 January 2021 (UK).
  • Running Time: 57 minutes.
  • Rating: Unknown.
  • Country: US.
  • Language: English.

Video Link

Does the Peer Support Role Enhance Veteran Engagement?

Research Paper Title

Military veteran engagement with mental health and well-being services: a qualitative study of the role of the peer support worker.

Background

Many UK military veterans experiencing mental health and well-being difficulties do not engage with support services to get the help they need. Some mental health clinics employ Peer Support Workers (PSWs) to help veteran patients engage, however it is not known how the role influences UK veteran engagement.

Therefore the aim of this research was to gain insight into the role of peer support in UK veteran engagement with mental health and well-being services.

Method

A qualitative study based on 18 semi-structured interviews with veterans, PSWs and mental health clinicians at a specialist veteran mental health and well-being clinic in Scotland.

Results

Four themes of the PSW role as positive first impression, understanding professional friend, helpful and supportive connector, and an open door were identified across all participants. The PSWs’ military connection, social and well-being support and role in providing veterans with an easily accessible route to dis-engage and re-engage with the service over multiple engagement attempts were particularly crucial.

Conclusions

The Peer Support role enhanced veteran engagement in the majority of instances. Study findings mirrored existing peer support literature, provided new evidence in relation to engaging UK veterans, and made recommendations for future veteran research and service provision.

Reference

Weir, B., Cunningham, M., Abraham, L. & Allanson-Oddy, C. (2017) Military veteran engagement with mental health and well-being services: a qualitative study of the role of the peer support worker. Journal of Mental Health. 28(6), pp.647-653.

Book: Design for Wellbeing

Book Title:

Design for Wellbeing – An Applied Approach.

Author(s): Ann Petermans and Rebecca Cain (Editors).

Year: 2019.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Routledge.

Type(s): Hardcover and Kindle.

Synopsis:

Design for Wellbeing charts the development and application of design research to improve the personal and societal wellbeing and happiness of people. It draws together contributions from internationally leading academics and designers to demonstrate the latest thinking and research on the design of products, technologies, environments, services and experiences for wellbeing.

  • Part I starts by conceptualising wellbeing and takes an in-depth look at the rise of the design for wellbeing movement.
  • Part II then goes on to demonstrate design for wellbeing in practice through a broad range of domains from products and environments to services. Among others, we see emerging trends in the design of interiors and urban spaces to support wellbeing, designing to enable and support connectedness and social interaction, and designing for behaviour change to tackle unhealthy eating behaviour in children. Significantly, the body of work on subjective wellbeing, design for happiness, is increasing, and several case studies are provided on this, demonstrating how design can contribute to support the wellbeing of people.
  • Part III provides practical guidance for designing for wellbeing through a range of examples of tools, methods and approaches, which are highly user-centric, participatory, critical and speculative.
  • Finally, the book concludes in Part IV with a look at future challenges for design for wellbeing.

This book provides students, researchers and practitioners with a detailed assessment of design for wellbeing, taking a distinctive global approach to design practice and theory in context. Design for Wellbeing concerns designers and organisations but also defines its broader contribution to society, culture and economy.

What does mental health have to do with well-being?

Research Paper Title

What does mental health have to do with well-being?

Background

Positive mental health involves not the absence of mental disorder but rather the presence of certain mental goods.

Institutions, practitioners, and theorists often identify positive mental health with well-being.

There are strong reasons, however, to keep the concepts of well-being and positive mental health separate.

Someone with high positive mental health can have low well-being, someone with high well-being can have low positive mental health, and well-being and positive mental health sometimes conflict.

But, while positive mental health and well-being are not identical, there is an informative conceptual connection between them.

Positive mental health usually contributes instrumentally to the living of a good human life, where a good human life includes (but is not limited to) well-being.

Reference

Keller, S. (2020) What does mental health have to do with well-being? Bioethics. 34(3), pp.228-234. doi: 10.1111/bioe.12702. Epub 2019 Nov 29.

Book: SNAP Matters

Book Title:

Snap Matters – How Food Stamps Affect Health And Well-Being (Studies in Social Inequality).

Author(s): Judith Bartfield, Craig Gundersen, Timothy Smeeding, and James P. Ziliak (Editors).

Year: 2015.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Stanford University Press.

Type(s): Hardcover, Paperback, and Kindle.

Synopsis:

In 1963, President Kennedy proposed making permanent a small pilot project called the Food Stamp Programme (FSP). By 2013, the programme’s fiftieth year, more than one in seven Americans received benefits at a cost of nearly $80 billion. Renamed the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Programme (SNAP) in 2008, it currently faces sharp political pressure, but the social science research necessary to guide policy is still nascent.

In SNAP Matters, Judith Bartfeld, Craig Gundersen, Timothy M. Smeeding, and James P. Ziliak bring together top scholars to begin asking and answering the questions that matter. For example, what are the antipoverty effects of SNAP? Does SNAP cause obesity? Or does it improve nutrition and health more broadly? To what extent does SNAP work in tandem with other programmes, such as school breakfast and lunch? Overall, the volume concludes that SNAP is highly responsive to macroeconomic pressures and is one of the most effective antipoverty programmes in the safety net, but the volume also encourages policymakers, students, and researchers to continue examining this major pillar of social assistance in America.

Book: Mental Health and Well-being in Animals

Book Title:

Mental Health and Well-being in Animals.

Author(s): Dr Franklin D. McMillan (Editor).

Year: 2019.

Edition: Second (2nd).

Publisher: CABI Publishing.

Type(s): Hardcover and Kindle.

Synopsis:

The second edition is fully revised, expanded, and comprehensively updated with the most current knowledge about the full array of mental health issues seen in animals.

Written by key opinion leaders, internationally-recognized experts and specialists, it is comprehensive covering basic principles to mental wellness, emotional distress, suffering and mental illness, through to measurement and treatment.

With even more practical information and clinical pearls, this book remains invaluable to veterinary professionals, animal welfare researchers and advocates, and other animal caregivers.

Book: Hallucinations

Book Title:

Hallucinations

Author(s): Oliver Sacks.

Year: 2013.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Picador.

Type(s): Hardcover, Paperback, Audiobook, and Kindle.

Synopsis:

Have you ever seen something that was not really there? Heard someone call your name in an empty house? Sensed someone following you and turned around to find nothing?

Hallucinations do not belong wholly to the insane. Much more commonly, they are linked to sensory deprivation, intoxication, illness, or injury. In some conditions, hallucinations can lead to religious epiphanies or even the feeling of leaving one’s own body. Humans have always sought such life-changing visions, and for thousands of years have used hallucinogenic compounds to achieve them.

In Hallucinations, with his usual elegance, curiosity, and compassion, Dr Oliver Sacks weaves together stories of his patients and of his own mind-altering experiences to illuminate what hallucinations tell us about the organisation and structure of our brains, how they have influenced every culture’s folklore and art, and why the potential for hallucination is present in us all, a vital part of the human condition.