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Book: The Science of Stress

Book Title:

Time Special Edition: The Science of Stress.

Author(s): The Editors of TIME.

Year: 2019.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Time.

Type(s): Magazine and Kindle.

Synopsis:

Stress is a modern mental bogeyman, keeping nearly half of Americans up at night. It also takes a profound physical toll.

Research has found it linked to higher risks of heart attacks, strokes and many major chronic conditions.

Yet, many Americans say they do not do anything to meaningfully combat stress.

This special edition can help. First, you will examine the sources of your stress, including just how smartphones and other digital distractions rewire the brain for stress. Then, consider what you can do to increase calm and improve your health.

Learn about the science-backed research that shows that self-care and relaxation can help alleviate stress in real and measurable ways.

Find the latest proven ways to dampen the stress response, including mindfulness techniques, exercise, walking in nature and even washing the dishes. Get valuable tips on how to relax fast, in any situation. Or, if that’s just not possible, let this special edition make the case for embracing stress and teach you how to harness it to make yourself stronger, more positive and more resilient.

Stress is a powerful response to an increasingly challenging world. Let this special edition help you make sure you are in control of it!

Book: The Science of Addiction

Book Title:

Time Special Edition: The Science of Addiction.

Author(s): The Editors of TIME.

Year: 2019.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Time.

Type(s): Magazine and Kindle.

Synopsis:

The US is a nation of addictions, large and small.

Close to 40 million Americans smoke; nearly 1 of every 8 adults is addicted to alcohol; and the sudden and spiralling epidemic of opioid addiction took 47,000 American lives in 2017 alone.

People are hooked on gambling, video games, sex, shopping, smartphones, food and Tinder. Once considered a moral failing, addiction today is largely acknowledged as a disease.

Now, this new special edition examines how science is seeking to curb the cravings and help Americans kick the habit.

  • Explore the neuroscience of pleasure to better understand just what’s happening when we feel great;
  • Learn how addiction disrupts pathways and processes that underlie desire, learning, emotional regulation, and cognition;
  • Consider how brain vulnerabilities caused by genetics, trauma and stress can increase the risk of becoming addicted; and
  • Examine promising new therapies, including under-the-skin implants for recovering alcoholics and treating cocaine addicts with electromagnetic pulses to the brain.

Understanding and moderating pleasure is at the heart of being healthy and happy and never has it been more urgent or challenging a time to do so.

Book: The Power of Habits

Book Title:

Time Special Edition: The Power of Habits.

Author(s): The Editors of TIME.

Year: 2018.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Time.

Type(s): Magazine and Kindle.

Synopsis:

New Year’s resolutions always collapse by February? Find it impossible to not snack while watching TV? Wish exercising was as automatic as brushing your teeth? The key is habit formation.

Fortunately, the editors of TIME have created this new special edition, The Power of Habits. This accessible, comprehensive guide takes you through the burgeoning science of just how the mind creates or quits habits.

Learn How to Tame the Wild Inside You, reconsider Embracing Family Habits, establish why habits are so important for kids, and how they influence romantic relationships. The Power of Habits also takes a powerful look at Bad Habits, explores the complex debate about habit and addiction and the implications for change and cure.

Get a peek at Habits of the Rich and Famous, Habits Around the World, and even 30 Personal Finance Habits Everyone Should Follow. Over time, habits become routines, then powerful rituals, and even traditions that span generations. And yet so many of our habits – healthy ones and not – were formed early in our lives when we had little to say about them. But you can rewrite the code!

Let The Power of Habits help you establish new healthy behaviours or finally rid yourself of unhealthy ones and totally transform who you are and who you will become.

Book: This Book Will Change Your Mind About Mental Health

Book Title:

This Book Will Change Your Mind About Mental Health.

Author(s): Nathan Filer.

Year: 2019.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Faber & Faber, Main Edition.

Type(s): Hardcover, Paperback, Audiobook, and Kindle.

Synopsis:

A journey into the heartland of psychiatry.

This book debunks myths, challenges assumptions and offers fresh insight into what it means to be mentally ill.

And what it means to be human.

This Book Will Change Your Mind About Mental Health was previously published in 2019 in hardback under the title The Heartland.

Book: Stress Management for Dummies

Book Title:

Stress Management for Dummies.

Author(s): Allen elkin.

Year: 2013.

Edition: Second (2nd).

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons.

Type(s): Paperback, Audiobook, and Kindle.

Synopsis:

Tired of letting stress have a negative impact on your life? Easy. It’s impossible to get through life without encountering stress.

And unfortunately, most of us learn the incorrect ways to cope with it.

Thankfully, Stress Management For Dummies gives you trusted, time-tested guidance on teaching your body and mind to properly cope with stress while keeping your sanity intact.

Whether it’s love, work, family, or something else that has you in the red zone, this updated edition of Stress Management For Dummies will help you identify the stress triggers in your life and cut them down to size all without losing your cool. * Shows you how to use stress in a positive, motivational way instead of letting it negatively affect your life * Teaches you to retrain your body and mind to react positively to stress * Helps you overcome common stresses faced in modern life If you want to manage stress and get back to living a normal life, Stress Management For Dummies has you covered.

Book: 8 Keys to Stress Management

Book Title:

8 Keys to Stress Management.

Author(s): Elizabeth Anne Scott.

Year: 2013.

Edition: First Edition (1st).

Publisher: W.W. Norton Company.

Type(s): Paperback, Audiobook, and Kindle.

Synopsis:

According to many measures, people today are dealing with stressors that are greater in number and severity than in the past several decades, and this stress is taking a toll on our collective wellness.

The book outlines strategies to identifying stressors, offers techniques in reversing the response, and discusses the effects of stress.

Lost Transmissions (2019)

Introduction

Lost Transmissions is a 2019 drama film, written and directed by Katharine O’Brien. It stars Simon Pegg, Juno Temple and Alexandra Daddario.

The film had its world premiere at the Tribeca Film Festival on 28 April 2019, and was released on 13 March 2020, by Gravitas Ventures.

Outline

When an acclaimed music producer goes off his medication for schizophrenia, his friends chase him through the LA music scene to help commit him to a psychiatric hospital, revealing the troubling inadequacies of our mental health care system.

Production & Filming Details

  • Director(s): Katharine O’Brien.
  • Producer(s): Bo An, Thomas Benski, Al Di, Jo Henriquez, Olga Kagan, Tory Lenosky, Brian Levy, Alan Li, Craig Newman, Katharine O’Brien, Cassidy Shea Pahl, Filip Jan Rymsza, Robert Schartzman, Alyssa Swanzey, and Alvaro R. Valente.
  • Writer(s): Katharine O’Brien.
  • Music: Hugo Nicolson.
  • Cinematography: Arnau Valls Colomer.
  • Editor(s): Giannis Halkiadakis.
  • Production: Royal Road Entertainment, Pulse Films, and Underlying Tension.
  • Distributor(s): Gravitas Ventures, 101 Films, Premiere Entertainment Group, and Storm Pictures Korea.
  • Release Date: 28 April 2019 (Tribeca Film Festival).
  • Running Time: 105 minutes.
  • Country: US.
  • Language: English.

Components & Principles of Effective Treatments in Mental Health

For interventions (to at least be perceived) to be effective in the treatment of mental health conditions, from the perspective of the service user, there are a range of components that one must understand and appreciate.

  • Facilitative service environment(s):
    • Understand how the environment can affect a service user’s experience of treatment.
    • Prioritise good relationships between staff/volunteers and those using the services.
    • Taking a genuine interest in the service user.
    • Being respectful.
    • Helps service users feel at ease and prevent relapse.
  • Access to appropriate treatment(s).
  • Compassionate and non-judgemental support.
    • This can include peer, practical, and emotional support.
  • Interventions that are long enough in duration:
    • Treatment needs to be long enough in duration for the service user to avoid relapse and/or move into recovery.
    • Need for ongoing support.
    • Aftercare programme as a way of ensuring a supportive network to prevent relapse.
  • Interventions that offer stability.
  • Choices (in terms of treatment).
    • Service users like to feel they have a choice in their treatment.
    • Want to be treated as individuals.
    • Individualised care means provider must have flexibility in service delivery.
  • Opportunities to learn (or relearn) how to live.
    • Treatment should be seen as providing opportunities for service users to learn (vocational/life) skills to support them to live their lives.
    • This can aid service users to steer away from problematic patterns of behaviour by providing structure and purpose, alleviating boredom, and distraction from their condition.

The above should be provided with the following three principles in mind:

  1. Within the context of good relationships.
    • You are not there to be the service user’s best friend, but good/positive relationships aid effectiveness of treatment and perceptions of service.
  2. Person-centred care.
    • Where appropriate and practicable, the service/treatment should fit around the service user, not the service user around the service/treatment.
  3. Understanding the complexity of the service user’s (both personal and professional) circumstances.
    • Understanding of the service user’s circumstances can aid adherence to treatment and their journey through their condition.

Finally, remember that the way in which services and treatment are delivered, is considered by many service users, to be more important than the type of treatment provided.

Homelessness & Substance Use Treatment: Is the Way in which Services & Treatment are Delivered more Important than the Type of Treatment Provided?

Research Paper Title

What Constitutes Effective Problematic Substance Use Treatment From the Perspective of People Who Are Homeless? A Systematic Review and Meta-Ethnography.

Background

People experiencing homelessness have higher rates of problematic substance use but difficulty engaging with treatment services. There is limited evidence regarding how problematic substance use treatment should be delivered for these individuals.

Previous qualitative research has explored perceptions of effective treatment by people who are homeless, but these individual studies need to be synthesised to generate further practice-relevant insights from the perspective of this group.

Methods

Meta-ethnography was conducted to synthesise research reporting views on substance use treatment by people experiencing homelessness. Studies were identified through systematic searching of electronic databases (CINAHL; Criminal Justice Abstracts; Health Source; MEDLINE; PsycINFO; SocINDEX; Scopus; and Web of Science) and websites and were quality appraised. Original participant quotes and author interpretations were extracted and coded thematically.

Concepts identified were compared to determine similarities and differences between studies. Findings were translated (reciprocally and refutationally) across studies, enabling development of an original over-arching line-of-argument and conceptual model.

Results

Twenty-three papers published since 2002 in three countries, involving 462 participants, were synthesised. Findings broadly related, through personal descriptions of, and views on, the particular intervention components considered effective to people experiencing homelessness. Participants of all types of interventions had a preference for harm reduction-oriented services.

Participants considered treatment effective when it provided a facilitative service environment; compassionate and non-judgemental support; time; choices; and opportunities to (re)learn how to live. Interventions that were of longer duration and offered stability to service users were valued, especially by women.

From the line-of-argument synthesis, a new model was developed highlighting critical components of effective substance use treatment from the service user’s perspective, including a service context of good relationships, with person-centred care and an understanding of the complexity of people’s lives.

Conclusions

This is the first meta-ethnography to examine the components of effective problematic substance use treatment from the perspective of those experiencing homelessness. Critical components of effective problematic substance use treatment are highlighted.

The way in which services and treatment are delivered is more important than the type of treatment provided. Substance use interventions should address these components, including prioritising good relationships between staff and those using services, person-centred approaches, and a genuine understanding of individuals’ complex lives.

Reference

Carver, H., Ring, N., Miler, J. & Parkes, T. (2020) What Constitutes Effective Problematic Substance Use Treatment From the Perspective of People Who Are Homeless? A Systematic Review and Meta-Ethnography. Harm Reduction Journal. 17(1), pp.10. doi: 10.1186/s12954-020-0356-9.

Do PTSD, TBI & Sleep Distrubances affect Military Performance Individually or in Combination?

Research Paper Title

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Traumatic Brain Injury, Sleep, and Performance in Military Personnel.

Background

Sleep disturbances, post-traumatic stress disorder, and traumatic brain injury are highly prevalent in military personnel and veterans.

These disorders can negatively impact military performance.

Although literature evaluating how post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury directly impact military performance is limited, there is evidence supporting that these disorders negatively impact cognitive and social functioning.

What is not clear is if impaired performance results from these entities individually, or a combination of each.

Further research using standardised evaluations for the clinical disorders and metrics of military performance is required to assess the overall performance decrements related to these disorders.

Reference

Moore, B.A., Borck, M.S., Brager, A., Collen, J., LoPresti, M. & Mysliwiec, V. (2020) Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Traumatic Brain Injury, Sleep, and Performance in Military Personnel. Sleep Medicine Clinics. 15(1), pp.87-100. doi: 10.1016/j.jsmc.2019.11.004. Epub 2020 Jan 8.