The mental health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults compared with heterosexual adults: results of two nationally representative English household probability samples.
Evidence on inequalities in mental health in lesbian, gay, and bisexual people arises primarily from non-random samples.
The aim of this study was to use a probability sample to study change in mental health inequalities between two survey points, 7 years apart; the contribution of minority stress; and whether associations vary by age, gender, childhood sexual abuse, and religious identification.
The researchers analysed data from 10 443 people, in two English population-based surveys (2007 and 2014), on common mental disorder (CMD), hazardous alcohol use, and illicit drug use. Multivariable models were adjusted for age, gender, and economic factors, adding interaction terms for survey year, age, gender, childhood sexual abuse, and religious identification. They explored bullying and discrimination as mediators.
Inequalities in risks of CMD or substance misuse were unchanged between 2007 and 2014. Compared to heterosexuals, bisexual, and lesbian/gay people were more likely to have CMD, particularly bisexual people [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 2.86; 95% CI 1.83-4.46], and to report alcohol misuse and illicit drug use. When adjusted for bullying, odds of CMD remained elevated only for bisexual people (AOR = 3.21; 95% CI 1.64-6.30), whilst odds of alcohol and drug misuse were unchanged. When adjusted for discrimination, odds of CMD and alcohol misuse remained elevated only for bisexual people (AOR = 2.91; 95% CI 1.80-4.72; and AOR = 1.63; 95% CI 1.03-2.57 respectively), whilst odds of illicit drug use remained unchanged. There were no interactions with age, gender, childhood sexual abuse, or religious identification.
Mental health inequalities in non-heterosexuals have not narrowed, despite increasing societal acceptance. Bullying and discrimination may help explain the elevated rate of CMD in lesbian women and gay men but not in bisexual people.
Pitman, A., Marston, L., Lewis, G., Semlyen, J., McManus, S. & King, M. (2021) The mental health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults compared with heterosexual adults: results of two nationally representative English household probability samples. Psychological Medicine. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721000052. Online ahead of print.
Sibyl is a 2019 French comedy-drama film directed by Justine Triet and starring Virginie Efira, Adèle Exarchopoulos and Gaspard Ulliel.
A jaded psychotherapist returns to her first passion of becoming a writer.
Sibyl is a psychotherapist who returns to her first passion: writing. Her newest patient, Margot, is a troubled up-and-coming actress, who proves to be too tempting a source of inspiration. Fascinated almost to the point of obsession, Sibyl becomes more and more involved in Margot’s tumultuous life.
Virginie Efira as Sybil.
Adèle Exarchopoulos as Margot Vasilis.
Gaspard Ulliel as Igor Maleski.
Sandra Hüller as Mikaela “Mika” Sanders.
Laure Calamy as Édith.
Niels Schneider as Gabriel.
Paul Hamy as Étienne.
Filming took place in Paris, in studios located in Lyon and on the Italian island of Stromboli.
Sibyl received mixed reviews from critics.
It was selected to compete for the Palme d’Or at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival.
Production & Filming Details
Director(s): Justine Triet.
Producer(s): David Thion and Philippe Martin.
Writer(s): Justine Triet and Arthur Harari.
Cinematography: Simon Beaufils.
Editor(s): Laurent Senechal.
Production: Les Films Pelleas and Scope Films.
Distributor(s): Le Pacte.
Release Date: 24 May 2019 (Cannes International Film Festival).
Sybil is a 2007 American made-for-television drama film directed by Joseph Sargent, and written by John Pielmeier, based on the 1973 book Sybil by Flora Rheta Schreiber, which fictionalised the story of Shirley Ardell Mason, who was diagnosed with multiple personality disorder (more commonly known then as “split personality”, now called dissociative identity disorder).
This is the second adaptation of the book, following the Emmy Award-winning 1976 mini-series Sybil that was broadcast by NBC.
Troubled Columbia University art student and later student teacher Sybil Dorsett is referred to psychiatrist Cornelia Wilbur by Dr. Atcheson, a colleague who believes that the young woman is suffering from female hysteria. As her treatment progresses, Sybil confesses that she frequently experiences blackouts and cannot account for large blocks of time. Wilbur helps her recall a childhood in which she suffered physical, emotional, and sexual abuse at the hands of her disturbed mother Hattie.
Eventually, 16 identities varying in age and personal traits begin to emerge. Chief among them is Victoria, a French woman who explains to Dr. Wilbur how she shepherds the many parts of Sybil’s whole. Frustrating the therapist are objections raised by her associates, who suspect she has influenced her patient into creating her other selves, and Sybil’s father, who refuses to admit his late wife was anything other than a loving mother.
Although she had promised never to hypnotize Sybil, later into the treatment, Dr. Wilbur takes her patient to her home by a lake and hypnotizes her into having all 16 personalities be the same age as she and become just aspects of Sybil. By nightfall, Sybil claims she feels different, and emotionally declares her hatred toward her mother.
The last part of the movie tells of the history of Shirley Mason, the real woman who was known by the pseudonym of Sybil Dorsett.
Jessica Lange ….. Dr. Cornelia Wilbur.
Tammy Blanchard ….. Sybil Dorsett.
Eddie Ruiz ….. Dr. Ladysman.
JoBeth Williams … Hattie Dorsett.
The university scenes were filmed at Dalhousie University in Nova Scotia.
In January 2006, The Hollywood Reporter announced CBS had greenlit the project, but it was shelved after completion.
The film was released in Italy, New Zealand, the Dominican Republic, Brazil, Norway, and Hungary before finally being broadcast in the US by CBS on 07 June 2008.
After suffering a small breakdown in front of her students (and then being forced to hear a neighbour play Chopin’s Étude in A Minor, “Winter Wind”, incessantly), Sybil Dorsett is given a neurological examination by Dr. Cornelia Wilbur, a psychiatrist. She admits to having blackouts and fears that are getting worse. Dr. Wilbur theorises that the incidents are a kind of hysteria, all related to a deeper problem. She asks Sybil to return at a later date for more counselling. Sybil says she will have to ask her father.
Sybil’s father, Willard Dorsett, and her stepmother, Freida, are in New York on a visit. Sybil meets them at a cafeteria for lunch. She explains to her father that the problems she used to have as a young girl have returned and that she wants to see a psychiatrist, Dr. Wilbur. Sybil’s parents make it clear to Sybil that they disapprove of psychiatrists and psychiatry, saying how evil and controlling psychiatrists are. Sybil becomes upset and dissociates into Peggy, who becomes enraged and breaks a glass. Peggy angrily storms out of the cafeteria. Later that evening, Dr. Wilbur receives a late night call from someone who identifies herself as Vickie and says Sybil is about to jump out a hotel window. Dr. Wilbur rescues Sybil, who denies knowing Vickie. Suddenly, Sybil becomes hysterical and begins speaking like a young girl. This girl introduces herself as Peggy, and Wilbur realises that Sybil is suffering from dissociative identity disorder, previously known as multiple personality disorder.
Vickie introduces herself to Wilbur at the next session. Vickie, who knows everything about the other personalities, tells Wilbur about some of them, including Marcia, who is suicidal, and Vanessa, who plays the piano although Sybil has not played in years and swears she forgot how to play piano.
Over the weeks, each of the personalities introduce themselves to Wilbur. At the same time, the personality Vanessa falls in love with a charming neighbour named Richard.
Wilbur finally explains to Sybil about the other personalities. As proof, Wilbur plays the session’s tape to allow Sybil to hear their voices, but when a voice that sounds like Sybil’s mother Hattie speaks, an infant personality named Ruthie emerges. Wilbur is unable to communicate with the pre-verbal child and must wait until Sybil returns.
Life becomes more chaotic for Sybil as the other personalities grow stronger. The personalities make Dr. Wilbur a Christmas card, but Sybil made everything purple, a colour that frightens Peggy. Dr. Wilbur hypnotises Vickie and asks about the purple. Vickie relates a memory of a time Sybil’s mother locked young Sybil in the wheat bin in the barn. Thinking she was smothering, Sybil used her purple crayon to scratch on the inside of the bin so someone would know she had been there.
Vanessa invites Richard and his son Matthew to have Christmas dinner, after which Richard spends the night in Sybil’s apartment. Sybil has a nightmare and awakens as Marcia, who tries to throw herself off the roof. Richard rescues her and calls Wilbur. Soon afterwards, Richard moves away, crushing both Sybil and Vanessa. Once again confronted with her diagnosis, Sybil attempts to convince Wilbur that she has in fact been faking all of the other personalities the entire time and denies that multiple personalities exist within her.
Wilbur goes in search of Sybil’s father, who mentions that Sybil’s mother Hattie was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia, but denies that she ever abused Sybil. Wilbur also seeks out Sybil’s paediatrician. The doctor gives Wilbur a frightening account of extensive internal scarring he found while treating Sybil for a bladder problem. Finally, Wilbur visits the old Dorsett house, where she discovers the green kitchen Sybil’s selves have described many times. She also finds the purple crayon scratches inside the wheat bin. She takes them back to New York City to prove all the memories really happened.
Dr. Wilbur takes Sybil for a drive, during which Peggy reveals the horrific physical abuse she suffered at her mother’s hands. After Peggy exhausts herself, Sybil emerges, remembering everything that Peggy has just said. Finally, she is able to express her rage against her mother.
Dr. Wilbur hypnotises Sybil to introduce her to the other personalities. Sybil, who has always been frightened of Peggy, meets her at last and is surprised that she is only a young girl. Sybil embraces a weeping Peggy. A voiceover from Dr. Wilbur explains that after this incident, Sybil recovered her memories and went on to live a full and happy life as an academic.
The “big chair” featured in the film in which the Sybil character felt comfortable provided the name for Tears for Fears hit album Songs From The Big Chair.
Joanne Woodward as Dr. Cornelia Wilbur.
Sally Field as Sybil Dorsett.
Brad Davis as Richard, Sybil’s neighbour boyfriend.
Martine Bartlett as Hattie Dorsett, Sybil’s mother.
Penelope Allen as Miss Penny.
Jane Hoffman as Frieda Dorsett.
Charles Lane as Dr. Quinoness.
Jessamine Milner as Grandma Dorsett.
William Prince as Willard Dorsett.
Camila Ashland as Cam.
Tommy Crebbs as Matthew.
Gina Petrushka as Dr. Lazarus.
Harold Pruett as Danny.
Natasha Ryan as Child Sybil.
Paul Tulley as Dr. Castle.
Anne Beesley as The Selves.
Virginia Campbell as The Selves.
Missy Karn as The Selves.
Tasha Lee as The Selves.
Cathy Lynn Lesko as The Selves.
Rachel Longaker as The Selves.
Jennifer McAllister as The Selves.
Kerry Muir as The Selves.
Karen Obediear as The Selves.
Tony Sherman as The Selves.
Danny Stevenson as The Selves.
Gordon Jump as Tractor farmer.
Lionel Pina as Tommy.
Peggy: A nine-year-old girl who believes she is still in the small town in which Sybil grew up. Peggy holds the rage Sybil felt at her mother’s abuse and frequently expresses her anger through temper tantrums and breaking glass. Like many of the selves, she enjoys drawing and painting. She fears hands, dishtowels, music, and the colours green and purple, all triggers to specific instances of abuse.
Vicky: A very sophisticated and mature eighteen-year-old girl who is aware of all the other personalities and knows everything the others do, though Sybil does not. Vicky speaks French and claims to have grown up in Paris with many brothers and sisters and loving parents. The dominant personality and the only personality to undergo hypnosis.
Vanessa: A young, vibrant, red-haired girl about twelve years old, she is outgoing and full of “joie de vivre”. Falls in love with Richard and helps Sybil build a relationship with him, until he moves away.
Marcia: A young girl obsessed with thoughts of death and suicide, who tries to kill herself (and thus Sybil) on several occasions. Dresses in black.
Ruthie: A preverbal infant. When Sybil is extremely frightened, she regresses into Ruthie and cannot move or speak.
Mary: Named for and strongly resembles Sybil’s grandmother. When Sybil’s grandmother (the only person Sybil felt loved her) died, Sybil was so bereft that she created Mary as an internalised version of Grandma. Mary speaks in the voice of an old woman and frequently behaves as one.
Nancy: A product of Sybil’s father’s religious fanaticism, Nancy fears the end of the world and God’s punishment.
Clara: Around 8-9 years old. Very religious; critical and resentful of Sybil.
Helen: Around 13-14 years old. Timid and afraid, but determined “to be somebody”.
Marjorie: Around 10-11 years old. Serene and quick to laugh, enjoys parties and travel.
Sybil Ann: Around 5-6 years old. Pale, timid, and extremely lethargic; the defeated Sybil.
Mike: A brash young boy who likes to build and do carpentry. He builds bookshelves and a partition wall for Sybil’s apartment, frightening her badly when she doesn’t know how they got there. He and Sid both believe that they will grow penes and be able “to give a girl a baby” when they are older.
Sid: Younger and a little more taciturn than Mike, he also enjoys building things, as well as sports. Identifies strongly with Sybil’s father and wants to be like him when he grows up.
Sally Field stars in the title role, with Joanne Woodward playing the part of Sybil’s psychiatrist, Cornelia B. Wilbur. Woodward herself had starred in The Three Faces of Eve, in which she portrayed a woman with three personalities, winning the Academy Award for Best Actress for the role. Based on the book Sybil by Flora Rheta Schreiber, the movie dramatises the life of a shy young graduate student, Sybil Dorsett (in real life, Shirley Ardell Mason), suffering from dissociative identity disorder as a result of the psychological trauma she suffered as a child. With the help of her psychiatrist, Sybil gradually recalls the severe child abuse that led to the development of 16 different personalities. Field’s portrayal of Sybil won much critical acclaim, as well as an Emmy Award.
Edited and Unedited Versions
The film, originally 198 minutes long, was initially shown over the course of two nights on NBC in 1976. Due to high public interest, the VHS version of Sybil was released in the 1980s, with one version running 122 minutes and another, extended version running 132 minutes. Several key scenes, including Sybil’s final climactic “introduction” to her other personalities, are missing in both versions. The film is shown frequently on television, often with scenes restored or deleted to adjust for time constraints and the varying sensitivity of viewers. The DVD includes the full 198-minute version originally displayed on the NBC broadcast.
A 128-minute edit of the film was shown in cinemas in Australia, opening in January 1978.
Production & Filming Details
Director(s): Daniel Petrie.
Producer(s): Philip Capice, Peter Dunne, and Jacqueline Babbin.
In North America, over 25 million parents are being erased from their children’s lives after divorce and separation.
The Erasing Family documentary follows young adults fighting to reunite with their broken families.
This documentary exposes the failure of family courts to keep children from being used as a weapon after separation. Courts decision ends up completely erasing one parent causing severe emotional trauma to children.
Psychologist refer to extreme cases as parental alienation which is a form of Child Psychological Abuse.
Essentially brainwashing and manipulating children by one parent to hate or despise the other parent.
This results in severe psychological damage based on scientific findings, including depression, low self esteem, drug abuse, and being alienated from own children and suicide.
Family court reform is badly needed as this is preventable pandemic affecting over 20 million children in the United States.
Happy endings are possible! The film ends with children and parents being reunited on screen and will inspire other kids to reach out to #erased parents, siblings and grandparents.
The film will show how programmes that encourage mediation and shared parenting which will prevent future childhood trauma, making divorce and separation less costly both financially and emotionally.
For those in the US, text HELP to (865)-4FAMILY between 8am-10pm ET to get emotional support if you are an erased kid or parent (not legal advice).
A husband is suffering from melancholia, and he wants to commit suicide. His wife, who is a cartoonist, forces him to quit his job for the therapy. The wife’s optimism influence the husband, and they live happily ever after.
Also known as Tsure ga utsu ni narimashite (original title), 丈夫得了抑郁症 (China, Mandarin, festival title), and ツレがうつになりまして。(Japanese).
Mikio (Masato Sakai) is a married man and works hard for the company where he is employed. Then one day Mikio is diagnosed with depression. Mikio’s wife is Haruko (Aoi Miyazaki). They have been married for 5 years. Haruko draws comics for work, but they do not sell well. She mainly relied on Mikio for support. Meanwhile, Haruko did not notice any changes in her husband. She begins to blame herself for not noticing any signs. Mikio’s depression derived from his work. His company has been pressing him to quit the company. After Mikio quits his job his condition improves, but the dynamics of their relationship changes.
Mitsuru Fukikoshi – Sugiura.
Kanji Tsuda – Kazuo Takazaki.
Hiroshi Inuzuka – Kawaji.
Tomio Umezawa – Takashi Mikami.
Ryosei Tayama – Kamo.
Ren Osugi – Yasuo Kurita (Haruko’s dad).
Kimiko Yo – Satoko Kurita (Haruko’s mom).
Hiroshi Yamamoto – Kimizuka.
Saburo Tamura – Tsuda.
Yuta Nakano – Obata.
2011 (36th) Hochi Film Awards – 29 November 2011 – Best Actor (Masato Sakai).
Based on the manga “Tsure ga Utsu ni Narimashite” by female manga artist Tenten Hosokawa.
The manga also inspired the NHK 2009 drama “How Do I Cope with My Husband’s Depression?” (Tsure ga utsu ni narimashite, NHK, 2009).
Movie director Kiyoshi Sasabe planned directing the film for 4 years.
Filming began January 9th and is expected to finish early February.
Aoi Miyazaki & Masato Sakai previously worked together in the 2008 taiga drama “Atsuhime”.
A raw and revealing documentary chronicling the prolific combat-sports broadcaster Mauro Ranallo and his lifelong battle with mental illness.
Mauro Ranallo has called some of the biggest combat sports events in history – all while fighting his own mental health battle. Follow his journey in this unflinching account of his struggle to confront the stigma of Bipolar Disorder.
Production & Filming Details
Director(s): Haris Usanovic.
Ashley Ayaz … line producer.
Brian Dailey … producer.
Stephen Espinoza … executive producer.
Dan Fried … executive producer.
Louis Krubich … executive producer.
Haris Usanovic … producer.
Writer(s): Mitchell Hooper and Haris Usanovic.
Cinematography: Mark Cambria, Mitchell Hooper, and Haris Usanovic.
Veterans struggling with PTSD are paired with service dogs as they undergo rehabilitation.
Man’s best friend is living up to its moniker in this docuseries. It presents stories of shelter dogs trained to help veterans suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder re-acclimate to civilian life.
Each hourlong episode chronicles the rigorous process involved with pairing a vet with a service dog, an emotional journey whereby a suffering person and an abandoned dog come together to help each other.
Facilitating the unions is Paws and Stripes, the brainchild of Lindsey Stanek. Her husband, Jim – a retired US Army staff sergeant who served three tours in Iraq – suffered from severe PTSD before visits with a service dog helped him relax.
Inspired by his experience, and motivated by her love of dogs and country, Lindsey created the non-profit organisation that allows veterans to participate at no cost.