Book: Research Methods and Statistics in Psychology

Book Title:

Research Methods and Statistics in Psychology.

Author(s): Hugh Coolican.

Year: 2009.

Edition: Fifth (5th).

Publisher: Routledge.

Type(s): Paperback.

Synopsis:

This fifth edition of Research Methods and Statistics in Psychology has been revised and updated, providing students with the most readable and comprehensive survey of research methods, statistical concepts and procedures in psychology today.

The book assumes no prior knowledge, taking you through every stage of your research project in manageable steps. Advice on planning and conducting studies, analysing data and writing up practical reports is given, and examples provided, as well as advice on how to report results in conventional (APA) style.

Unlike other introductory texts, there is discussion of commonly misunderstood concepts such as ecological validity, the null hypothesis and the role of cross-cultural psychology studies. Qualitative research is included in the central research methods chapters as well as being highlighted in specialist chapters which cover content analysis, grounded theory, interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA), narrative analysis, discourse analysis and how to tackle a qualitative research project.

The book provides clear coverage of statistical procedures, and includes everything needed at undergraduate level from nominal level tests to multi-factorial ANOVA designs, multiple regression and log linear analysis. In addition, the book provides detailed and illustrated SPSS instructions (updated to version 16) for all statistical procedures, including data entry and interpreting output, thus eliminating the need for an extra SPSS textbook.

Each chapter contains a glossary, key terms and newly integrated exercises, ensuring that key concepts are understood. A companion website (www.routledge.com/cw/coolican) provides additional exercises, revision flash cards, links to further reading and data for use with SPSS.

The bestselling research methods text for almost two decades, Research Methods and Statistics in Psychology remains an invaluable resource for students of psychology throughout their studies.

Book: Mental: Everything You Never Knew You Needed to Know about Mental Health

Book Title:

Mental: Everything You Never Knew You Needed to Know about Mental Health.

Author(s): Dr Steve Ellen and Catherine Deveny.

Year: 2018.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Anima.

Type(s): Hardcover, Paperback, Audiobook, and Kindle.

Synopsis:

How do we define mental illness? What does a diagnosis mean? What should you ask your doctor before you begin treatment? Are there alternatives to medication? What does the research show actually works?

Practitioner and professor of psychiatry Dr Steve Ellen and popular comedian Catherine Deveny combine forces to demystify the world of mental health. Sharing their personal experiences of mental illness and an insider perspective on psychiatry, they unpack the current knowledge about conditions and treatments coveing everything from depression and anxiety to schizophrenia, personality disorders and substance abuse.

Whether you have a mental illness or support someone who does, Mental offers clear practical help, empowering you with an arsenal of tips and techniques to help build your resilience.

Developing the Capacity for a New Generation of Implementation Studies in Mental Health

Research Paper Title

Capacity-building and training opportunities for implementation science in mental health.

Background

This article traces efforts over the past decade by the National Institute of Mental Health, of the US National Institutes of Health, and other US organisations to build capacity for mental health researchers to advance activities in implementation science.

The authors briefly chronicle the antecedents to the field’s growth, and describe funding opportunities, workshop and conferences, training programmes, and other initiatives that have collectively engaged hundreds of mental health researchers in the development and execution of implementation studies across the breadth of contexts where mental health care and prevention programs are delivered to those in need.

The authors summarise a number of key initiatives and present potential next steps to further build the capacity for a new generation of implementation studies in mental health.

Reference

Chambers, D.A., Pintello, D. & Juliano-Bult, D. (2020) Capacity-building and training opportunities for implementation science in mental health. Psychiatry Research. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2019.112511. Epub 2019 Aug 9.

Book: Recovery of People with Mental Illness

Book Title:

Recovery of People with Mental Illness: Philosophical and Related Perspectives.

Author(s): Abraham Rudnick.

Year: 2012.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Oxford University Press.

Type(s): Paperback and EPUB.

Synopsis:

It is only in the past 20 years that the concept of ‘recovery’ from mental health has been more widely considered and researched.

Before then, it was generally considered that ‘stability’ was the best that anyone suffering from a mental disorder could hope for. But now it is recognised that, throughout their mental illness, many patients develop new beliefs, feelings, values, attitudes, and ways of dealing with their disorder. The notion of recovery from mental illness is thus rapidly being accepted and is inserting more hope into mainstream psychiatry and other parts of the mental health care system around the world.

Yet, in spite of conceptual and other challenges that this notion raises, including a variety of interpretations, there is scarcely any systematic philosophical discussion of it. This book is unique in addressing philosophical issues – including conceptual challenges and opportunities – raised by the notion of recovery of people with mental illness. Such recovery – particularly in relation to serious mental illness such as schizophrenia – is often not about cure and can mean different things to different people.

For example, it can mean symptom alleviation, ability to work, or the striving toward mental well-being (with or without symptoms).

The book addresses these different meanings and their philosophical grounds, bringing to the fore perspectives of people with mental illness and their families as well as perspectives of philosophers, mental health care providers and researchers, among others.

The important new work will contribute to further research, reflective practice and policy making in relation to the recovery of people with mental illness.It is essential reading for philosophers of health, psychiatrists, and other mental care providers, as well as policy makers.

Book: Abnormal Psychology

Book Title:

Abnormal Psychology.

Author(s): Thomas F. Oltmanns and Robert E. Emery.

Year: 2019.

Edition: Ninth (9th).

Publisher: Pearson.

Type(s): Paperback.

Synopsis:

An overview of abnormal psychology that focuses not on “them,” but on all of us.

Abnormal Psychology brings both the science and personal aspects of the discipline to life with a focus on evidence-based practice and emerging research. Authors Thomas Oltmanns and Robert Emery cover methods and treatment in context in order to helps readers understand the biological, psychological, and social perspectives on abnormal psychology.

The 9th Edition has been updated to integrate coverage of the DSM-5, as well as the latest research and contemporary topics that will interest students.

What are the Challenges to Engaging in Late-Life Mental Health Research?

Research Paper Title

Engaging in Late-Life Mental Health Research: a Narrative Review of Challenges to Participation.

Background

This narrative review seeks to ascertain the challenges older patients face with participation in mental health clinical research studies and suggests creative strategies to minimise these obstacles.

Recent Findings

Challenges to older adults’ engagement in mental health research include practical, institutional, and collaboration-related barriers applicable to all clinical trials as well as more personal, cultural, and age-related patient barriers specific to geriatric mental health research.

Universal research challenges include:

  1. Institutional barriers of lack of funding and researchers, inter-researcher conflict, and sampling bias;
  2. Collaboration-related barriers involving miscommunication and clinician concerns; and
  3. Practical patient barriers such as scheduling issues, financial constraints, and transportation difficulties.

Challenges unique to geriatric mental health research include:

  1. Personal barriers such as no perceived need for treatment, prior negative experience, and mistrust of mental health research;
  2. Cultural barriers involving stigma and lack of bilingual or culturally matched staff; and
  3. Chronic medical issues and concerns about capacity.

Summary

Proposed solutions to these barriers include increased programmatic focus on and funding of geriatric psychiatry research grants, meeting with clinical staff to clarify study protocols and eligibility criteria, and offering transportation for participants.

To minimise stigma and mistrust of psychiatric research, studies should devise community outreach efforts, employ culturally competent bilingual staff, and provide patient and family education about the study and general information about promoting mental health.

Reference

Newmark, J., Gebara, M.A., Aizenstein, H. & Karp, J. (2020) Engaging in Late-Life Mental Health Research: a Narrative Review of Challenges to Participation. Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry. doi: 10.1007/s40501-020-00217-9. Online ahead of print.

Are Studies into Severe Mental Illness Robust Enough?

Research Paper Title

Multidimensional impact of severe mental illness on family members: systematic review.

Background

The impact of severe mental illnesses (SMIs) is not limited to the person with the illness but extends to their family members and the community where the patient comes from.

In this review, the researchers systematically analyse the available evidence of impacts of SMI on family members, including parents, grandparents, siblings, spouses and children.

Methods

PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase and Global Index Medicus were searched from the inception of each database up to 9 November 2019. They also did manual searches of grey literature.

The researchers included studies that assessed the impacts of SMI on any family member. They excluded studies in admitted clinics and acute wards to rule out the acute effect of hospitalisation.

Two reviewers extracted data independently using the Cochrane handbook guideline for systematic reviews and agreed on the final inclusion of identified studies.

The quality of the included studies was assessed using effective public health practice project quality assessment tool for quantitative studies. The review protocol was registered in the PROSPERO database.

Results

The researchers screened a total of 12,107 duplicate free articles and included 39 articles in the review.

The multidimensional impact of SMI included physical health problems (sleeplessness, headache and extreme tiredness.), psychological difficulties (depression and other psychological problems) and socioeconomic drift (less likely to marry and higher divorce rate and greater food insecurity).

Impacts on children included higher mortality, poor school performance and nutritional problems. However, the quality of one in five studies was considered weak.

Conclusions

The review indicated a high level of multidimensional impact across multiple generations.

The serious nature of the impact calls for interventions to address the multi-dimensional and multi-generational impact of SMI, particularly in low/middle-income countries.

Given the relatively high number of studies rated methodologically weak, more robust studies are indicated.

Reference

Fekadu, W., Mihiretu, A., Craig, T.K.J. & Fekadu, A. (2019) Multidimensional impact of severe mental illness on family members: systematic review. BMJ Open. 9(12):e032391. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032391.

Providing a Starting Point for Discussions, Dialogue, and Further Study Regarding Mental Health Research for Indigenous Peoples around the World

Research Paper Title

The mental health of Indigenous peoples in Canada: A critical review of research.

Background

Many scholars assert that Indigenous peoples across the globe suffer a disproportionate burden of mental illness.

Research indicates that colonialism and its associated processes are important determinants of Indigenous peoples’ health internationally.

In Canada, despite an abundance of health research documenting inequalities in morbidity and mortality rates for Indigenous peoples, relatively little research has focused on mental health.

This paper provides a critical scoping review of the literature related to Indigenous mental health in Canada.

Methods

searched eleven databases and two Indigenous health-focused journals for research related to mental health, Indigenous peoples, and Canada, for the years 2006-2016.

Over two hundred papers are included in the review and coded according to research theme, population group, and geography.

Results

Results demonstrate that the literature is overwhelmingly concerned with issues related to colonialism in mental health services and the prevalence and causes of mental illness among Indigenous peoples in Canada, but with several significant gaps.

Mental health research related to Indigenous peoples in Canada overemphasises suicide and problematic substance use; a more critical use of the concepts of colonialism and historical trauma is advised; and several population groups are underrepresented in research, including Métis peoples and urban or off-reserve Indigenous peoples.

Conclusions

The findings are useful in an international context by providing a starting point for discussions, dialogue, and further study regarding mental health research for Indigenous peoples around the world.

Reference

Nelson, S.E. & Wilson, K. (2017) The mental health of Indigenous peoples in Canada: A critical review of research. Social Science & Medicine (1982). 176, pp.93-112. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.01.021. Epub 2017 Jan 18.