Refugee Children & Adolescents and PTSD

Research Paper Title

Traumatic experiences of conditional refugee children and adolescents and predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder: data from Turkey.

Background

The researchers aimed to determine traumatic events, mental health problems and predictors of PTSD in a sample of conditional refugee children.

Methods

The sociodemographic features, chief complaints, traumatic experiences and psychiatric diagnoses according to DSM-5 were evaluated retrospectively.

Results

20.7% (n = 70) of children experienced the armed conflict or exposed to firefights at their country of origin. Most common diagnoses were anxiety disorders (n = 82, 24.3%), major depressive disorder (n = 52, 15.4%) and PTSD (n = 43, 12.7%). Age, number of traumatic experiences, explosion and sexual violence are the most important predictors for PTSD.

Conclusions

The results suggest that the number of traumas exposed as well as their nature predicted PTSD diagnosis. Refugee children have increased risk for psychiatric problems after migration and resettlement underlining the importance of an adequate follow-up for mental health and ensuring social support networks.

Reference

Yektas, C., Erman, H. & Tufan, A.E. (2021) Traumatic experiences of conditional refugee children and adolescents and predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder: data from Turkey. doi: 10.1080/08039488.2021.1880634. Online ahead of print.

Book: A New Understanding of ADHD in Children and Adults

Book Title:

A New Understanding of ADHD in Children and Adults – Executive Function Impairments

Author(s): Thomas E. Brown.

Year: 2013.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Routledge.

Type(s): Hardcover, Paperback, and eBook/Kindle.

Synopsis:

For over 100 years, ADHD has been seen as essentially a behaviour disorder. Recent scientific research has developed a new paradigm which recognizes ADHD as a developmental disorder of the cognitive management system of the brain, its executive functions. This cutting-edge book pulls together key ideas of this new understanding of ADHD, explaining them and describing in understandable language scientific research that supports this new model. It addresses questions like:

  • Why can those with ADHD focus very well on some tasks while having great difficulty in focusing on other tasks they recognize as important?
  • How does brain development and functioning of persons with ADHD differ from others?
  • How do impairments of ADHD change from childhood through adolescence and in adulthood?
  • What treatments help to improve ADHD impairments? How do they work? Are they safe?
  • Why do those with ADHD have additional emotional, cognitive, and learning disorders more often than most others?
  • What commonly-held assumptions about ADHD have now been proven wrong by scientific research?

Psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and other medical and mental health professionals, as well as those affected by ADHD and their families, will find this to be am insightful and invaluable resource.

Book: Understanding, Diagnosing, and Treating ADHD in Children and Adolescents – An Integrative Approach

Book Title:

Understanding, Diagnosing, and Treating ADHD in Children and Adolescents – An Integrative Approach.

Author(s): James A. Incorvaia, Bonnie S. Mark-Goldstein, and Donald Tessmer (Editors).

Year: 1999.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Jason Aronson, Inc.

Type(s): Hardcover and eBook.

Synopsis:

When it comes to Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, which is too often a cavalier diagnosis of first resort, clinicians can benefit from the range of responsible views on assessment and treatment proffered here. If doctors, therapists, and school personnel were to have only one resource to consult to fully understand AD/HD the problems and the solutions this collection of authoritative perspectives assembled by Doctors Incorvaia, Mark-Goldstein, and Tessmer should be it.

Book: The ADHD Parenting Handbook

Book Title:

The ADHD Parenting Handbook – Practical Advice for Parents from Parents.

Author(s): Colleen Alexander-Roberts.

Year: 2006.

Edition: Second (2nd).

Publisher: Taylor Trade Publishing.

Type(s): eBook/Kindle.

Synopsis:

Practical advice for parents from parents, and proven techniques for raising hyperactive children without losing your temper.

Book: ADHD & Teens: A Parent’s Guide to Making it through the Tough Years

Book Title:

ADHD & Teens: A Parent’s Guide to Making it through the Tough Years.

Author(s): Colleen Alexander-Roberts.

Year: 1995.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Taylor Trade Publishing.

Type(s): Paperback and eBook.

Synopsis:

ADHD and Teens is a manual of practical advice to help parents cope with the problems that can arise during these years. A crash course is offered on parenting styles that really work with teens with ADHD and how these styles allow the teen to safely move from dependence to independence.

Book: Play in Child Development and Psychotherapy

Book Title:

Play in Child Development and Psychotherapy: Toward Empirically Supported Practice (Personality & Clinical Psychology).

Author(s): Sandra Walker Russ.

Year: 2003.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Routledge.

Type(s): Hardcover, Paperback, and Kindle.

Synopsis:

Child psychotherapy is in a state of transition. On the one hand, pretend play is a major tool of therapists who work with children. On the other, a mounting chorus of critics claims that play therapy lacks demonstrated treatment efficacy. These complaints are not invalid. Clinical research has only begun.

Extensive studies by developmental researchers have, however, strongly supported the importance of play for children. Much knowledge is being accumulated about the ways in which play is involved in the development of cognitive, affective, and personality processes that are crucial for adaptive functioning. However, there has been a yawning gap between research findings and useful suggestions for practitioners.

Play in Child Development and Psychotherapy represents the first effort to bridge the gap and place play therapy on a firmer empirical foundation. Sandra Russ applies sophisticated contemporary understanding of the role of play in child development to the work of mental health professionals who are trying to design intervention and prevention programs that can be empirically evaluated. Never losing sight of the complex problems that face child therapists, she integrates clinical and developmental research and theory into a comprehensive, up-to-date review of current approaches to conceptualizing play and to doing both therapeutic play work with children and the assessment that necessarily precedes and accompanies it.

Book: Parenting Children with Mental Health Challenges

Book Title:

Parenting Children with Mental Health Challenges: A Guide to Life with Emotionally Complex Kids.

Author(s): Deborah Vlock.

Year: 2018.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Illustrated Edition.

Type(s): Hardcover, Paperback, and Kindle.

Synopsis:

Parenting Children with Mental Health Challenges: A Guide to Life with Emotionally Complex Kids offers overwhelmed readers guidance, solidarity, and hope. The author, a “mental-health mom” who’s survived indignity, exhaustion, and the heartbreak of loving a child with multiple mental-health disorders, writes with frankness and occasional humour about the hardest parenting job on earth.

Drawing on her own experiences and those of other parents, plus tips from mental health professionals, Vlock suggests ways of parenting smarter, partnering better, and living more fully and less fearfully in the shadow of childhood psychiatric illness.

Addressing the many hurdles children and families must face, including life on the home front, school, friendships and relationships, and more, the book shows readers that they are not alone-and they are stronger than they think. With its combination of easily digestible, to-the-point suggestions, clear action items, and first-person parent/kid stories, its aim is to make mental-health parents feel stronger and better, while actively seeking positive outcomes for their kids and families.

With rates of mental health diagnoses among youth on the rise, this invaluable resource will help parents through the trying times with support, understanding, and guidance.

Book: Beating OCD and Anxiety

Book Title:

Beating OCD and Anxiety – 75 Tried and Tested Strategies for Sufferers and their Supporters.

Author(s): Helena Tarrant.

Year: 2020.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Cherish Editions.

Type(s): Paperback and Kindle.

Synopsis:

Does anxiety impact on everything you do, leaving you unable to get through the day or with an inability to make decisions, no matter how small? Has it affected or even destroyed friendships and relationships? Or maybe you know or live with someone with these issues, and feel unable to help them?

Helena Tarrant gets it. She also understands why you may have struggled with text-heavy anxiety guides in the past. This book can help you to start a new fulfilling life, or help you provide invaluable support to someone you care about. The author has recovered from lifelong debilitating obsessive compulsive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. This book shares the tried and tested techniques that she used to do it, based largely but not entirely on the methods and concepts behind cognitive behavioural therapy.

Written in accessible language, conveniently segmented and illustrated with over 100 original cartoons, the techniques are described clearly and concisely. Beating OCD and Anxiety knows you don’t want to read pages of complex theory on your quest for help.

In this book, Helena will show you how to get your life back.

Book: A Concise Introduction to Existential Counselling

Book Title:

A Concise Introduction to Existential Counselling.

Author(s): Martin Adams.

Year: 2013.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Type(s): Hardcover, Paperback, and Kindle.

Synopsis:

A Concise Introduction to Existential Counselling is just that: a brief and accessible pocket guide to the underlying theory & practice of the existential approach.

Addressing everything a new trainee needs to know and do in a way that is entirely accessible and jargon-free, this book:

  • Provides a short history of the existential tradition.
  • Puts key concepts into contexts, showing how theory translates into practice.
  • Discusses issues in the therapeutic process.
  • Shows how to work effectively with whatever the client brings to the session.
  • Addresses the significance of existential thought in the wider world.

This book will be the perfect companion to new trainees looking to embark on their path to thinking and practicing existentially.

Martin Adams is a practitioner and supervisor in private practice and a Lecturer at the New School of Psychotherapy and Regents College, both in London.

Book: Anxiety and Depression in Children and Adolescents

Book Title:

Anxiety and Depression in Children and Adolescents: Assessment, Intervention, and Prevention.

Author(s): Thomas J. Huberty..

Year: 2012.

Edition: First (1st).

Publisher: Springer.

Type(s): Hardcover and eBook.

Synopsis:

Although generally considered adult disorders, anxiety and depression are widespread among children and adolescents, affecting academic performance, social development, and long-term outcomes. They are also difficult to treat and, especially when they occur in tandem, tend to fly under the diagnostic radar.

Anxiety and Depression in Children and Adolescents offers a developmental psychology perspective for understanding and treating these complex disorders as they manifest in young people. Adding the school environment to well-known developmental contexts such as biology, genetics, social structures, and family, this significant volume provides a rich foundation for study and practice by analyzing the progression of pathology and the critical role of emotion regulation in anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, and in combination. Accurate diagnostic techniques, appropriate intervention methods, and empirically sound prevention strategies are given accessible, clinically relevant coverage. Illustrative case examples and an appendix of forms and checklists help make the book especially useful.

Featured in the text:

  • Developmental psychopathology of anxiety, anxiety disorders, depression, and mood disorders.
  • Differential diagnosis of the anxiety and depressive disorders.
  • Assessment measures for specific conditions.
  • Age-appropriate interventions for anxiety and depression, including CBT and pharmacotherapy.
  • Multitier school-based intervention and community programmes.
  • Building resilience through prevention.

Anxiety and Depression in Children and Adolescents is an essential reference for practitioners, researchers, and graduate students in school and clinical child psychology, mental health and school counselling, family therapy, psychiatry, social work, and education.